In Austin, TX, patients needing wisdom tooth extractions have trusted Goehring Dental to quickly and gently solve their wisdom tooth issues. Wisdom teeth is the common name for the third molars that are the last four teeth that grow into the mouth. These teeth are not necessary to our normal dentition and are usually more harmful than they are helpful to our oral health. Wisdom teeth typically erupt between the ages of 17 and 25 and can cause several oral health problems such as crowding of teeth, shifting of the position of adjacent teeth, damage to adjacent teeth, increased risk of gum disease, and tooth decay. The most effective method of preventing these dental problems is to schedule a wisdom tooth extraction with Goehring Dental in south Austin, TX.
Wisdom Tooth Anatomy
Our third molars are just like all of our other molars except that they do not grow in at the same time as our first and second molars. Molars are strong, flat teeth that are used to grind our food up to make it easier for our stomachs to digest. Molar are comprised of the crown, or visible portion of the tooth, and the roots that firmly anchors it to our jawbones. Some other parts of a wisdom tooth include:
- Gum Tissue: Although not an actual part of wisdom teeth, the gumline is important to mention because teeth that have not fully erupted into the mouth can cause a flap of tissue to partially cover the tooth. Food and bacteria can easily collect in these areas and pave the way for infection of the tooth and gum or decay in the structure of other nearby teeth if not kept clean and free of debris.
- Root: The root is the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw bone. In younger patients whose wisdom teeth are just emerging, the root is often less “grounded” than it is in older patients, which makes wisdom tooth removal easier.
- Enamel: The enamel portion of a tooth is the hardest and outermost portion of the tooth. The naturally translucent enamel layer is the most protective layer of our teeth.
- Dentin: Located just under the enamel layer of our teeth, dentin is comprised of a network of tiny tubes, called tubules, that lead to the chamber of the tooth which contains the nerve tissue or “pulp”.
- Pulp: The pulp is the soft inner portion of the tooth that contains the blood vessels and nerve tissue that can become infected by bacteria as a result of damage or decay.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
If wisdom teeth do not have enough room to grow into the mouth, or if they grow in at an awkward angle or position they may become impacted which can lead to a multitude of dental problems. There are a few different types of impacted wisdom teeth including:
- Soft-Tissue Impaction: The wisdom tooth has erupted through the jawbone into the mouth, but a portion or the whole crown is covered by gum tissue.
- Partial Bony Impaction: The wisdom tooth has erupted through the jawbone into the mouth, but a portion or the whole crown is covered by gum tissue.
- Complete Bony Impaction: This wisdom tooth scenario is the most complex type of impacted wisdom tooth due to the fact that the entire tooth is embedded in the jawbone.
Expert Wisdom Tooth Extractions by Goehring Dental
According to data provided by the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 90% of patients have at least one wisdom tooth that should be removed due to oral impaction. Dr. Goehring advocates the early removal of wisdom teeth from younger patients because wisdom teeth can continue to fuse with the jawbone, making extractions more difficult in the future. At Goehring Dental, in Austin, TX, we allow for the utmost level of safety and comfort for our patients during their wisdom tooth examination.
The extraction process for our wisdom tooth patients may vary as a result of our patient’s unique clinical circumstances, but most extractions follow a simple formula. Dr. Goehring will begin the procedure with the administration of local anesthetic to ensure his patients are comfortable during the entire procedure. Local anesthesia may be combined with oral sedation dentistry or other sedation methods to further ensure the absolute comfort of the patient during the extraction procedure. Next, an opening will be made in the gum tissue to gain access to the underlying jawbone containing the wisdom tooth. Any bone covering the wisdom tooth will be removed as will any connective tissue anchoring the tooth to the bone. The wisdom tooth may be extracted whole or in several smaller pieces in order to simplify or expedite the extraction.
Once all wisdom teeth have been completely removed, the doctors may place a stitch or two to ensure proper healing of the empty tooth socket. This area is also treated with gauze pads to assist in the formation of a healing clot that is imperative to the proper healing process after wisdom tooth extraction. One potential complication that can develop after wisdom tooth extraction is dry socket, which is a painful condition that results when the extraction site does not heal properly and becomes infected. This condition can be very painful but is preventable and easily treatable. Dr. Goehring provide patients with detailed post-extraction instruction to prevent complications from developing, and is available if problems should arise.
Contact Goehring Dental for a Consultation in Austin, TX
The first step to putting an end to pain and discomfort caused by your wisdom teeth or preventing them from causing problems in the future is to schedule a no-cost, no-obligation wisdom tooth examination at Goehring Dental. Our Austin, TX-based practice is home to wisdom tooth dentist Dr. Goehring. The longer you wait to have your wisdom teeth treated, the greater your chances are for them to cause you pain, grief, and inconvenience. We provide the highest quality wisdom tooth care at reasonable rates, and we even have financing options available for those concerned about the cost of their treatment. If you would like to learn more about wisdom teeth or if you would like to schedule your no-obligation consultation at Goehring Dental, contact our south Austin, TX office today!